The following study is part of the new edition of the Advanced Bible Studies Series course Give Attendance to Doctrine that we plan to publish later this year.
“These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens”(Gen. 2:4).
Jehovah is the personal name by which God is revealed in the Old Testament. In the King James Bible, Jehovah is translated by LORD in all caps and it appears more than 6,500 times.
Jehovah is both Saviour and Judge. He is the covenant-keeping Redeemer to the believer as well as the holy God of judgment to the unbeliever (Deut. 7:9-10).
The book of Psalms is a book of praise to Jehovah God. Forty-one times the Psalmist says, “Praise the LORD” or “Praise ye the LORD.”
Jehovah is to be praised because of His goodness and mercy (Psa. 106:1; 103:8-14). Sixteen times we are told that Jehovah is good (1 Ch. 16:34; 2 Ch. 5:3; 7:3; Ezr. 3:11; Psa. 34:8; 100:5; 106:1; 107:1; 118:1, 29; 135:3; 136:1; 145:9; Jer. 33:11; Lam. 3:25; Nah. 1:7).
Jehovah’s mercies are great (1 Ch. 21:13), manifold (Ne. 9:19), tender (Psa. 25:6), plentious (Psa. 86:15), multitudinous (Psa. 5:7; 51:1; 69:16; 106:7, 45; lam. 3:32), everlasting (Psa 100:5; 118:1, 2, 3, 4, 29; 136; 138:8). The believer is compassed with Jehovah’s mercy (Psa. 32:10). His mercies are as high as the heaven is above the earth (Psa. 103:11). He is full of compassion (Psa. 145:8).
Jehovah is the Redeemer. Jehovah sought Adam after the fall and clothed him in coats, which signified the salvation provided by Jesus (Genesis 3:8-9, 21). The believer is clothed in Christ’s righteousness (Rom. 3:21-22; 2 Cor. 5:21).
The greatness of Jehovah’s mercy and salvation can only be understand in light of His terrible holiness (Lev. 11:45; 19:1-2; Psa. 11:4-5; Isa. 6:3; Hag. 1:12-13). Jehovah is the lawgiver and the punisher of lawbreakers (Ex. 20:1-18).
The reason that Jehovah can be merciful to sinners is because He Himself has satisfied the requirements of His own holy law. Jehovah is the God of the Passover (Ex. 12:1-7). Yea, Jehovah is the Passover Lamb. He is the only Saviour (Isa. 43:11). He is “Jesus” (Mat. 1:21; John 1:29).
Exodus 6:3 says God did not make his name Jehovah known to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, but the name appears 141 times in the book of Genesis. How can we solve this seeming contradiction? The answer is that the name Jehovah was not actually revealed to men in history until the days of Moses. It is Moses who wrote the book of Genesis and included the name Jehovah in reference to men in that day. Thus, Jehovah is part of the revelation given by Moses.
There is a Jewish practice that considers the name Jehovah too sacred to be spoken, but it was a ridiculous, superstitious thing that comes from their vain tradition. Since God revealed Himself by the name of Jehovah and put it in Scripture, it is obvious that it is not wrong for man to write or speak the name.
What the Old Testament says about Jehovah, the New Testament says about Jesus.
Title – Jehovah God – Jesus Christ
King of kings – Psa. 95:3 – 1 Tim. 6:14-15
Lord of lords – Psa. 136:3 – Rev. 19:16
Stone of stumbling – Isa. 8:13-15 – 1 Pe. 2:6-8
Judge – Isa. 24:20-21 – Heb. 12:23 Col. 1:17; Jn. 5:22
Reigning – Isa. 24:23 – Mat. 25:31
Good Shepherd – Isa. 40:10-11 – Jn. 10:11
Only Saviour – Isa. 43:11 – 2 Tim. 1:10
Alpha and Omega – Isa. 44:6 – Rev. 1:7-18
Creator – Isa. 44:24 – Col. 1:16
Every knee bow – Isa. 45:23 – Ph. 2:10-11
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